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          涼亭在建造前需要注意什么?

          來源:http://www.wpandro.com 時間:2022-11-23

          、古建涼亭在建設之前需要注意的事情
          Matters needing attention before construction of ancient pavilion
          1.當挖土達到設計標高后,可用打夯機進行素土夯實,防腐木古建長廊達到設計要求的素土夯實密實度。
          1. When the excavated soil reaches the design elevation, the rammer can be used to compact the plain soil, and the anticorrosive wood ancient building corridor can meet the design requirements for the compactness of the plain soil.
          2.基礎開挖時,機械開挖應預留10-20cm的余土使用人工挖掘。
          2. During foundation excavation, 10-20cm surplus soil shall be reserved for mechanical excavation and manual excavation.
          3.當挖掘過深時,不能用土回填。
          3. When the excavation is too deep, soil cannot be used for backfilling.
          其次,關于古建涼亭的分類:
          Secondly, the classification of ancient pavilions:
          1.根據使用材料的不同,一般分為木亭,亭、閣、亭、磚、石、竹亭,亭式銅
          1. According to the different materials used, it is generally divided into wooden pavilion, pavilion, pavilion, brick, stone, bamboo pavilion, and pavilion type copper
          2.根據適用范圍不同,一般分為園園亭、亭、亭等休閑廣場館、亭雨等
          2. According to the different scope of application, it is generally divided into garden pavilion, pavilion, pavilion and other leisure plazas, pavilion rain, etc
          3.根據樓層數一般分為單層、雙亭。
          3. It is generally divided into single-layer and double pavilions according to the number of floors.
          木構的涼亭,以木構架琉璃瓦頂和木構黛瓦頂兩種形式較為常見。前者為建筑和壇廟宗教建筑中所特有,富麗堂皇,色彩濃艷。而后者則是我國古典亭榭的主導,或質樸莊重,或典雅清逸,遍及大江南北,是我國古典涼亭的代表形式。
          Wooden pavilions are common in the form of wooden framed glazed tile roofs and wooden glazed tile roofs. The former is unique to architecture and temple religious architecture. It is magnificent and colorful. The latter is dominated by China's classical pavilions and pavilions, either simple and solemn, or elegant and elegant, all over the country. It is a representative form of China's classical pavilions.
          石雕涼亭是指用石頭加工而成的亭子,多建于路旁,供行人休息、乘涼或觀景用。石雕涼亭體量小,平面嚴謹。自點狀傘亭起,由簡樸而龐大,根本上都是規矩多少形體,或再加以組合變形,沒有圍墻。
          Stone pavilion refers to the pavilion made of stone, which is built on the roadside for pedestrians to rest, enjoy the cool or view the scenery. The stone pavilion is small in size and rigorous in plan. From the point umbrella pavilion, from simple to huge, it is basically a number of regular shapes, or combined and deformed, without walls.
          茅亭是各類涼亭的鼻祖,源于現實生活,山間路旁歇息避雨的休息棚、水車棚等,即是茅亭的原形。此類涼亭,多用原木稍事加工以為梁柱,或覆茅草,或蓋樹皮,—派天然情趣。由于它保留著自然本色,頗具山野林泉之意,所以備受清高風雅之士賞識。
          Maoting is the ancestor of all kinds of pavilions, which originates from real life. The rest sheds and waterwheel sheds along the mountain roads for shelter are the original form of Maoting. This kind of arbor is usually made of logs to form beams and columns, or covered with grass or bark. Because it retains its natural color and has the meaning of mountains, forests and springs, it is appreciated by elegant people.
          由于竹不耐久,存留時間短,所以下來的竹亭非常少?,F在的竹亭多用綁扎輔以釘、鉚的方法建造。而有些竹亭,梁、柱等結構構件仍用木材,外包竹片,以仿竹形,其飲坐凳、椽、瓦等則全部用竹制做,既堅固,又便于修護。
          As bamboo is not durable and lasts for a short time, there are very few bamboo pavilions coming down. Nowadays, bamboo pavilions are mostly built by binding and nailing and riveting. While some bamboo pavilions, beams, columns and other structural members are still made of wood, wrapped with bamboo pieces to imitate bamboo shape, and their drinking and sitting stools, rafters, tiles, etc. are all made of bamboo, which is both solid and easy to repair.
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